They manage to create biological computer components by bacteria

28 11 2011

Research staff of the Imperial College London (United Kingdom) He has shown that basic data processing units can be built, commonly used in digital devices such as computers and microprocessors, by intestinal bacteria with the modified DNA. This discovery is an extraordinary improvement in order to develop microscopic biological computers.The research carried out at Imperial College can lead to new instruments that could detect and neutralize toxic outbreaks and disarm fatal cancers in the body.


Currently all computing devices based on Silicon circuits composed of electronic devices capable of processing digital data, what computer language is called logic gates. These devices work off or on depending on the encoding of data into zeros and ones of binary language used by all computer systems.

Now, a study headed by Richard Kitney Imperial College has managed to prove that you can build logic gates using bacteria Escherichia coli (E. coli), which are commonly found in the large intestine. The success of this experiment is in the modification of the DNA of the bacteria so that, by chemical stimulation, is “turn off” o “come on” imitating the operation of conventional electronic logic gates.

Another important feature of these biological logic gates is its modularity, allowing you to join in order to create more complex networks, as electronic chips combine to render a larger amount of data.

Although still a long way to go, the research team suggests that this discovery is a giant step in order to build microscopic biological processors. These small biological computers, that you remain a utopia for the international scientific community, they would be a great revolution in the medical sector, because that could be inserted into the human body through the blood, to combat various diseases in a selective manner, detect and destroy cancerous cells or neutralize harmful toxins, among other possible applications.

Gencat.cat [en línea] Barcelona (Spain): geGencat.cat28 November 2011[REF. 24 November of 2011] Available on Internet:

http://www.gencat.cat/economia/ur/noticies/26279376.html



They implanted a permanent artificial heart

24 11 2011

Advanced age, with associated diseases and is not suitable to receive a heart transplant. This is the profile of the patient that is you can permanently implanted an artificial heart. In Andalusia, you have already located the first, a man of 70 who was suffering from terminal heart failure as well as chronic lung disease, reason for which could not be a candidate for a heart transplant.

The intervention occurred first time in Andalusia the 26 October in the Hospital universitario Reina Sofía Córdoba, After a prior training of medical equipment in Germany and have tried with animals.

Monitoring

Thanks to this intervention, that lasted three hours and in which participated a dozen professionals, the patient evolves successfully, to the extent that the new device allows you to develop your life normally. Expected that a patient gets discharged from hospital soon.

Then, the patient undergo controls to, initially, they will be more frequent. However, the advantage of this intervention is that, After the operation, the receiver It happens less medical reviews that if had received a new organ. The ‘ handicap’ is that have to be loaded on a permanent basis with the batteries that operate the device and have autonomy to 16 hours, eight each.

The artificial heart that was just introduced in Córdoba, called Berlin Heart Incor, consists in electromagnetic-operated axial-flow pump and composed of a motor, cannulas of entry and exit and a control unit.

What it is??

The device drives the blood from the left ventricle to the aorta at a rate of between 5.000 and 15.000 revolutions per minute and you can provide up 7 litres of continuous flow, enough to wholly or partially replace heart function, According to the needs in each time.

All of the device is located on the inside of the patient and is connected to the control unit - that is using two battery recharge- through a single cable, electrical power and data analysis. This type of operation is performed, as explained by the Chief of Cardiovascular Surgery service, Ignacio Muñoz, under extracorporeal circulation and, before removing, many controls are carried out.

Contrary to what happens in the heart transplant, It is not necessary to remove the patient's heart, because according to the requirement of every moment, You can partially or totally replace the function of the heart. The device, that works for 10 years, is, Therefore, automated and, According to doctor Muñoz, There are patients with more than one decade of survival.

While it's the first time it occurs in Andalusia, the effectiveness of this technique is noted, that have been implemented in more than 5.000 patients worldwide.

The mundo.es [en línea] Cordoba (Spain): the mundo.es, 24 November 2011[REF. 23 November of 2011] Available on Internet:

http://www.elmundo.es/elmundo/2011/11/23/andalucia/1322058674.html



Sports mobile applications

21 11 2011

Don’t tell my trainer, but my smartphone has become my favorite exercise companion. To novices, that may sound lonely and pathetic, but it’s nearly 2012 and the technology on offer is extraordinary. I have discovered a few high performing fitness apps that motivate and teach like a professional. They go where I want, when I want, at very little cost, and record my every move so that I can track my progress. And they’re fun.

Take it from a self-proclaimed appaholic and get with the program. Here are a few of my favorites:

Endomondo is an app that derives its name from “endorphin,” hormones that are released to the brain during sports, and “mondo,” Italian for “world.” It’s quite a kick for the globally minded.

The app primarily maps and records your physical activity with GPS, but it does much more. Endomondo broadcasts your route to your worldwide network of friends, and even strangers if you allow, while you are on the move. Friends can track you and give you a pep talk along the way.

When I travel, I can peruse the app’s Web site for routes that locals have taken, download them and follow. No maps needed. Just the app.

One of its strengths is data collection. So far, I know I’ve clocked about 110 kilometers, mainly on walks to and from work, burning the equivalent of 14 hamburgers. It is more reliable than other GPS mapping apps I’ve tried, like Trailguru, because it runs undisturbed in the background while you use other apps.

The company was founded in Denmark in late 2007, when Christian Birk, a former elite runner, and two of his colleagues from the consultant firm McKinsey opted to combine their passion for sports and technology. Endomondo says that 5.5 million people have downloaded it and 2.7 million are registered on its Web site. The iPhone version is free, but an upgraded version costs $3.99. (Prices here and below may vary slightly by market.)

RunKeeper works much like Endomondo and is just as reliable. It allows you to post your results directly to Facebook and Twitter; you can download the routes of others; and you can find friends nearby. The app is a classic, one of the first 200 on the iPhone. It was created by Jason Jacobs of Boston, who was frustrated when he used a Nike system to train in 2007 for his first marathon in Chicago.

Last month, RunKeeper added a few small features that enhance the app. Now an “auto pause” means that you don’t have to keep stopping and starting the app every time you pause for a drink or face a red light. And, now both Android and iPhone versions allow you to take photos that appear on RunKeeper.com along your mapped route.

One twist, and one of the ways the company makes money: If you want to be tracked by your friends, you’ll need to join RunKeeper Elite, which costs $4.99 a month, or $19.99 a year. Otherwise, the basic app is free.

iMuscle will make you question why you are shelling out $80 dollars an hour on a personal trainer. It’s that good.

The app doesn’t spot you as you bench press, and it won’t make you feel guilty for missing a session. But if you already feel comfortable at the gym, or want to learn new exercises, iMuscle is worth the small investment.

Once started, a detailed illustration of a body appears. Tap, for example, the breast muscle (pectoralis major abdominal part) and the app displays 28 exercises to strengthen that particular spot, complete with animation to illustrate exactly how to execute the exercise.

You can then design a workout — like “chest,” “shoulders,” or “biceps” — with your selection of exercises. Each time you do an exercise, you input the number of repetitions and weight. The app keeps a log to track your progress. It costs $1.99 for the iPhone and $4.99 for the iPad.

Nike Training Club dubs itself “Your personal trainer. Anytime. Anywhere.” This is indeed the perfect app for anyone on the road. Unlike iMuscle, it hardly requires equipment — a jump rope, medicine ball and a couple of dumbbells suffice. The app is targeted at women, but the 60-plus workouts and 90-plus drills are just as brutal for men.

The app takes a while to download, but that’s because it incorporates video to make sure you understand the moves, the app’s major strength.

After choosing your goal — getting lean, toned, strong, or focusing on a specific muscle — you choose your level (beginner, intermediate, or advanced), set your music and go.

I tried a 45-minute strength-building program that used dumbbells and a medicine ball that was divided into 53 segments. Never mind that you have no clue how to “pretzel stretch” or “Russian twist” — that’s what the video is for. You are guided every step of the way. It’s free for the iPhone.

Total Immersion Swimming is one of the few apps for the sport that caught my attention. The American Terry Laughlin has developed a swimming technique that focuses on economy, rather than speed, for long-distance open water swimmers. Courses are held around the world. I attended one several years ago in the Alps near Zurich.

The app’s value lies in the video. Mr. Laughlin breaks down his freestyle technique into a number of drills. In the absence of a coach, it is helpful to view videos of them at the poolside between laps. The app costs 99 cents for the iPhone for the first few lessons; 99 cents for subsequent lessons.

Calorie Tracker, developed by Lance Armstrong’s Livestrong.com, is a good app for tallying your caloric intake. The database contains more than 625,000 food and restaurant items.

One day, the app quickly calculated that my breakfast (yogurt and grapefruit juice), lunch (Greek salad) and dinner (pad thai and green chicken curry with jasmine rice), added up to 1,364 calories. It figured that my 85-minute brisk walk home from the office burned 575 calories. All told, I went to bed having consumed only 39 percent of my recommended caloric intake. The app costs $2.99 for the iPhone and iPad.

Nytimes.com [en línea] Hong Kong (China): nytimes.com, 21 November 2011[REF. 18 November of 2011] Available on Internet:

http://www.nytimes.com/2011/11/19/sports/fitness-junkies-get-with-the-program.html?_r=1&ref=health



Institut Guttmann and Indra exported cognitive tele technology

17 11 2011

Europe, United States and Latin America are the markets where the Institut Guttmann and the company Indra They traded an innovative system that allows to provide clinical services of Neurorehabilitation for the treatment of acquired brain injury, dementias, schizophrenia and disorders in child development.

Registered with the Guttmann NeuroPersonalTrainer ® brand, This system uses the most recent findings in cognitive neuroscience and the most advanced ICT and artificial intelligence solutions, as KDD systems (knowledge data discovery) and Data Mining, in such a way that it allows the automatic adaptation of the system to the needs of each patient in real time. The great added value is that it provides a personalised service, monitored - and, Therefore, generator of knowledge - and with reasonable costs and sustainable for the different social agents involved.

El Guttmann NeuroPersonalTrainer ® is the result of a research project that began to develop in 2003 under the name of Previrnec, between the Institut Guttmann, Universitat Rovira i Virgili University and the Centre for research in biomedical engineering from the Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya.

Today, It has made it possible to treat more of 800 patients through most of 20 the own Guttmann Institute and other centers installed platforms, and more than 100 patients have been able to receive this clinical care at home. In total, Some have been 32.000 sessions with more of 210.000 tasks, and results that demonstrate that the 80% offers a significant improvement with respect to the care patients, memory and executive functions.

This model, that it has demonstrated its clinical efficacy, It provides an efficient solution both for the public health system and private, whether through General or regional hospitals Neurorehabilitation services, day health hospitals, day centres and residences for elderly people or in the patient's home.

Biocat.cat [en línea] Barcelona (Spain): biocat.cat, 17 November 2011[REF. 3 November of 2011] Available on Internet:

http://www.biocat.cat/es/noticias/el-instituto-guttmann-e-indra-exportaran-tecnologia-en-telerehabilitacion-cognitiva



Good news for diabetics: free mobile application helps to control carbs

14 11 2011
The Medtronic company, specializing in medical technology, He has developed a special mobile application that allows patients with diabetes take control over the consumption of carbohydrates, an essential ability to carry a proper daily therapy.
Carbohydrate counting helps children with diabetes eat a variety of foods, same as the other children, and increases their sense of control and confidence in the management of your diabetes. For parents and carers, This is important for planning meals and help children to maintain good levels of sugar in the blood.
The so-called application "Telling food with Lenny" is available for Iphone and Ipad and can be downloaded free of charge and Spanish through ITunes looking for the words "Lenny" or "Medtronic" either by accessing to www.medtronicdiabeteslatino.com.
What it is??
Through a friendly and educational platform, the application has a food guide to learn the values of carbohydrates from many food products and you can also customize the Guide by selecting the favorite foods of each person.
On the other hand, It has four interactive games that allows guys to deepen knowledge about the food in a didactic way and share experiences in network with other friends, participate in contests and win prizes.
About diabetes
The World Diabetes Day, established at the initiative of the International Diabetes Federation and who, celebrated the 14 November to commemorate the anniversary of the birth of Frederick Banting, who, along with Charles Best, He played a key role in the discovery in 1922 insulin, hormone that allows diabetics to treat and make your healthy life.
Diabetes in numbers
According to the World Health Organization (WHO):
- There are currently 346 millions of people who suffer from diabetes
-It is the cause of the 5% of the total number of deaths in the world.
-More than the 80% of diabetes deaths occur in countries low- and middle-income
-half of deaths correspond to people less of 70 years and a 55% women.
Emprendedoresnews.com [en línea] Buenos Aires (Argentina): emprendedoresnews.com, 14 November 2011[REF. 14 November of 2011] Available on Internet:


Allan Jones: A map of the brain

10 11 2011

How can we begin to understand the way that the brain works?? In the same way that we began to understand a city: making a map. In this presentation, visually stunning, Allan Jones shows how his team mapped the genes that are activated in each small region of the brain.

[Ted id = 1267]

The Allen Institute for Brain Science – based in Seattle, driven by the co-founder of Microsoft Paul Allen- It has the Mission of promoting discoveries about the human brain through the construction of tools that can be used by the scientific community. One of the first projects of Allan Jones was to boost a campaign to create a complete atlas of the brain of a mouse. In April of 2011, the Allen Institute announced the first milestone in its interactive online of the human brain atlas: show more activity of 20.000 human genes containing. Based on a combination of 15 brain drain, Since every human brain is unique.

Think of the human brain Atlas Allen as a bridge of high technology between the anatomy of the brain and genetics. With the use of this atlas, scientists will be able to determine in which part of the brain, genes that encode specific proteins are active, including the proteins that are affected by the medication. Or researchers may come to the structures of the brain that feel altered in mental disorders such as schizophrenia to find its molecular footprint. The atlas can provide clues about memory, attention, motor coordination, hunger, and perhaps time emotions such as happiness and anxiety.

Ted.com [en línea] New York (USA): ted.com, 10 November 2011[REF. November of 2011] Available on Internet:

http://www.ted.com/talks/allan_jones_a_map_of_the_brain.html



Dr BALCELLS: The strategy for exiting the crisis of the catalan health system

7 11 2011

Manel Balcells i Díaz

Director of the area of the knowledge of the Consorci Sanitari of Terrassa

Introduction
The health system is in crisis. Across Europe in general and in Catalonia particularly. The global economic crisis affects directly the cuts all countries apply to their health systems. The impact is, but, very different according to the starting point. In the United States, the debate has been very different. There has been a discussion of model that has become an instrument of political struggle between Democrats and Republicans. In emerging countries, Naturally, the problem is very different, and they are far from reaching what is known as our European welfare State.

In our case, fully immersed in the European reality, the crisis lies, especially, the sustainability of a system that shows ever more sophisticated and technological, You must attend an older population, with chronic pluripatologias, and that it had greater expectations of life, and above all, higher life quality.In Catalonia, the general infrafinanciacion and above all the health (1/3 of the total budget of the Generalitat), entails that in times of crisis and economic recession, general budget cuts do not affect more crude and obvious to the health system.

Our system is internationally recognized for its quality of care and the high level of its researchers and biomedical research that is generally practiced. The current lack of resources and the presumable continuity of the economic situation, It makes it necessary to pose rather than conjunctural character changes, but real structural changes.

We are talking about, because, make a change of paradigm, consider the health system, not only as a cost center, but, and above all, as a generator of wealth, so direct and indirect jobs, and also, as a dynamic instrument of the new economy based on medical technologies, in the spin-off from hospitals and research centers, and as a system capable of generating economic return to base to exploit knowledge in the form of patents and licences.

Some data
I system + (D) + catalan i is at the international level in terms of the volume of scientific publications. In fact, el 50% all of them refer to the biomedical research. According to the Citation Index Sience (SCI), in 2006, las 1.793 Catalan publications represented the 25% all of the State Spanish, el 2,5% the European votheme and the 0,9% of the world. And in terms of quality as measured by the so-called impact Factor, the global era of 6.189, with an average per item of 3.4. Therefore, Catalonia is an advantageous position on the international scene.

On the other hand, the number of patents generated by this knowledge is much lower in comparison with other European countries, and of course the U.S.. Spain represents the 1.4% of the total number of patent applications in the European Union, faced with the 44.1% of Germany and the 15.4% of France. In 2008, for example, in Catalonia they processed 75 patent applications, they counted 22 licences to companies, representing this the 38% patent and the 30% the set of the Spanish State license. Similar is the creation of enterprises Statistics.

We find ourselves, Therefore, to a considerable disproportion between the scientific production and the generation of economic activity. The weak point in our House, of the entire value chain is, because, the appraisal and transfer of knowledge.

Potential of innovation in hospitals
In Catalonia we have an excellent hospital network. Not only to the level of care, but also in scientific production. In fact, of the 10 hospitals statewide leaders in scientific production 6 they are Catalan and, In addition, located at the top. This great production and at the same time high level, it pivots in a binomial hospital-universidad by the research institutes located in large hospitals, where is performed as basic research and translational.

However, innovation, everything in medical technologies, in diagnostic imaging, health care processes and clinical management, It also pivots in the whole of the hospital network of Catalonia, where work more than 232.000 Professional, most of them, with a high academic qualification and long tradition of presence in international networks.

Multiple studies led by prestigious business schools, and recently the OECD report “Rewiews of Regional Innovation: Catalonia, Spain (2010)”, I pointed out that the catalan cluster is among five to ten first clusters in the world in terms of the dynamism of your network. Within the report, It also remarked the great potential of innovation in hospitals, with all that represents of immediacy in their applicability and subsequent marketing in the case, for example, new diagnostic and therapeutic techniques.

This environment represents a moment of opportunity, precisely, to try to convert our potential in biomedical knowledge in economic return direct to the system in general, as they are known and various countries. It is here where is the key to the involvement of the sector in the output of the current crisis.

Structural changes
Paradoxically, at a time of budget cuts, We must promote the creation of technology transfer instruments. If only to reduce spending, without above all based on the binomial cost-effective changes, everything will be useless. In order to make these changes, There are to innovate. And not only to innovate, but the technological improvements that mean savings, After a process of validation, and subsequent recovery and marketing.

We must introduce elements of competitive dialogue among technology buyers (hospitals) and innovative companies (Catalan or other parts implanted here), allow increase the productive fabric. With elements such as the innovative public procurement, This is possible.

I speak, because, changes in depth. Medium-term structural changes that allow us to have, as other countries do, centralized units of valorisation of innovation, and marketing their patents. I speak also of bringing venture capital to projects and leverage, If necessary, to them with public money, especially in the more early stages of development. However, We will always be dependent on joints and multinationals, and above all always restrictive budgets.

Proposals for the future
This is a future that should be present. The enormous economic potential of our health system (even trimmed) allows you to meet these challenges. Immediately would have to raise recovery instruments, After progressively introduce the methodology of innovation opened in our hospitals.

We must encourage entrepreneurship from the faculties of medicine and nursing, develop specific training programmes for accompaniment by professionals with innovative concern, with ideas that can become projects. A programme for hospital innovation must be urgently and must be developed in a way had the charge of all health centres.

Must be articulate immediately a (or more) capital funds willing to finance projects at early stage. Must be articulate public-private participation in all the projects with possibilities of reaching the market in an organized manner. All of this, in a participatory way, funded and urgent, with the complicity of all economic and social agents, and with international vision.

Conclusions
Underfunded economically, and with a sector and health system which is undergoing significant cuts, and at the same time presents great strengths in knowledge, It is time to make this sector an emerging economic sector.

Missing all these instruments that enable it to reverse a situation sufficiently analysed by all experts. There are, In short, that have the vision to invest in everything that represents the transfer of technology in this sector, If I want to get out, in a determined manner and medium-term, economic dependence on others, create jobs, attracting capital and help at the exit of the general crisis.

We have an opportunity. Who is capable of working in this line, to do so. For the sake of the country.



Valentí Fuster and international experts presented in Barcelona the latest technologies of cardiovascular health

3 11 2011

Cardiovascular diseases are the leading cause of death worldwide - also in the Spanish State-, and every year they cause almost 20 million dead, According to the who. It is estimated that in 2030 a few 24 million people lost life by heart disease and stroke episodes.

“We have a responsibility as researchers improve early detection techniques and reduce the social impact of the disease”, He said the Dr. Valentí Fuster, from today and until Saturday participates in the International Conference Evolving Challenges in Promoting Cardiovascular Health, who organise the New York Academy of Sciences (NYAS), the Social work “La Caixa” and the International Centre for the Scientific Debate (CIDC) in Barcelona.

Under the title Heart: health and life, the NYAS, the Social work “La Caixa” and the CIDC have opened to the general public this Act so that citizens have the opportunity to see first hand the most outstanding research and advice better based on the prevention of diseases of the heart and the lifestyle to promote cardiovascular health.

More information on debate-entrevista in the Obra Social microsite “La Caixa”: http://www.cosmocaixa.com/vfuster/

High-level scientific and multidisciplinary sessions

The scientific sessions, the days 4 and 5 November, meet a stellar set of 23 speakers among which there are international leaders in the field of cardiovascular diseases. These sessions will include the most innovative fields, as heart regeneration, moderate logged by the Dr. Roger J. Hajjar Mount Sinai, and diagnostic imaging, in another moderate session by the Dr. Jagat Narula, from the same institution. In addition to the plenary sessions, the workshop will be panel discussions and presentations on the latest developments in the more translational aspects of cardiovascular research.

The main objective of this meeting is to promote a multidisciplinary dialogue between researchers and physicians from academia and industry, and also with other participants dedicated to the prevention and treatment of cardiovascular diseases. “The meeting in Barcelona is a big challenge because we will discuss innovative aspects of the cardiovascular area, as the way to move from treating disease to promote health, or the way of treating joint diseases cardiovascular and cerebral microcirculation-related”, the Dr explained. Fuster. “Is a very interesting Conference that will bring together researchers from diverse fields of medicine and basic research to put together the latest advances in areas as exciting as the promotion of health, cardiovascular image, gene therapy and developmental biology”.

Scientific information exchanged by the participants at the Conference are utilitzara to generate high-quality publications (in multimedia format and paper).

Biocat.cat. [en línea] Barcelona (Catalunya): biocat.cat, 3 November 2011[REF. 3 November of 2011] Available on Internet:

http://www.biocat.cat/es/noticias/valenti-fuster-y-expertos-internacionales-presentan-en-barcelona-las-ultimas-tecnologias-que-lideraran-el-futuro-de-la-